Infertility is much more common than most people realize. An estimated 10 percent to 15 percent of couples wishing to conceive will have difficulty doing so. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. However, in certain circumstances – such as irregular cycles, history of pelvic infection, history of toxin exposure such as radiation or chemotherapy, or advanced maternal age – it is prudent to seek help with an infertility specialist before one year.
Prior to initiating fertility treatment, it is important to have a complete fertility evaluation. The infertility specialist will arrange for the full evaluation of both members of the couple. It is important to evaluate the male partner with a semen analysis, as some degree of male infertility is present up to 50 percent of the time. Female evaluation will include testing fallopian tube patency, evaluating the uterine cavity, checking for ovulation, performing a hormone profile, and determining ovarian function.
After the evaluation is completed, the most appropriate and cost effective treatment options can then be addressed. We recognize that each couple will have unique needs and desires for their individualized treatment.